Cellular Phone Laws

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Drivers 18 years of age or older ~ VC §23123

Are prohibited from driving a motor vehicle while using a wireless telephone unless a hands-free device is used

Exceptions:

Emergency situations, for example: calls to law enforcement, health care provider, fire department, etc.

  • Emergency service providers operating an authorized emergency vehicle during the course of employment.
  • While operating a vehicle on private property.
  • A person operating a commercial motor truck or truck tractor (excluding pickups), implements of husbandry, farm vehicle, school bus, transit vehicle, or tow truck, if using a two-way radio operated by a “push-to-talk” feature that does not require the device to be close to the ear.

Frequently Asked Questions (pdf)

Minors (under 18 years of age) ~ VC §23124

Are prohibited from driving a motor vehicle while using a wireless telephone, including a hands-free device, and/or a mobile service device (pagers, texting devices, laptops, etc).

Exceptions:

  • Emergency situations, for example: calls to law enforcement, health care provider, fire department, etc.
  • While operating a vehicle on private property.

Frequently Asked Questions (Minors)

Fines

The fines for both laws are:

  • $20, first offense plus administrative fees.
  • $50, second or subsequent offenses plus administrative fees.